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Wisdom teeth are the third molars that are the last permanent teeth to appear in the mouth. They usually emerge between age 17 and 25. For some people, however, these teeth can cause trouble and need to be removed.
Pain near the back of the mouth may be caused by erupting wisdom teeth. Not everyone needs to have their wisdom teeth removed, but if these teeth are impacted or erupt, and do not have adequate space, they may meed to be removed.
Wisdom teeth can become impacted if they do not have enough room to erupt into the mouth. These impacted wisdom teeth can cause a myriad of problems, including:
Pericoronitis, inflammation surrounding a partially erupted tooth, may be another reason for the removal of said tooth. Wisdom teeth are often removed before they cause issues because asymptomatic wisdom teeth can still be diseased and because it can be easier and less of a risk to remove the teeth from a younger person.
After the surgery, the patient will need to change the gauze as directed by the dentist. Pain can be managed by over-the-counter remedies such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, or your doctor may give you prescription pain medication.
Ice packs placed on the jaw will minimize pain as well as swelling and bruising. You should drink plenty of water during the first 24 hours but refrain from especially hot, cold, caffeinated or carbonated beverages. Also, you should avoid using a straw to minimize the risk of losing the blood clot that needs to form at the surgery site. The first day, you should plan to eat soft foods, like pudding or yogurts, and then semi-soft foods as they are tolerated the next day. You will not be able to brush your teeth for about 24 hours but can resume after a day, being especially gentle near the surgery sites.
After wisdom teeth removal, you should plan to rest for the remainder of the day, and for up to 24 hours. You can resume activity the following day, refraining from any strenuous activity for about a week. Swelling is normal and may last up to a week.