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Periodontal Therapy

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Periodontics In Gainesville, FL

Do You Have Periodontal Disease?

When gum disease is detected it is important to treat this active disease, left untreated the disease will progress. The first step to treating active gum disease is a deep cleaning, known as scaling and root planing. In active gum disease, the tissue has detached and created deeper pockets that cannot be cleaned with a general cleaning or at-home care. Tarter and bacteria above and below the gum line must be properly removed to begin treatment, this can be uncomfortable due to the inflammation in the tissue. Most patients are numbed to have this type of cleaning performed and often these appointments are broken up to ensure complete cleaning and give your gums the best chance to begin to heal.

Following a deep cleaning, patients are scheduled for a three-month follow-up to determine the success of this deep cleaning, measure healing pocket depths, reiterate home care, and discuss further periodontal needs if present. Patients who have a history of periodontal disease but no ACTIVE disease (no deep pockets, tarter build-up) may not require deep cleaning and would move directly into our periodontal maintenance program to continue prevention. Periodontal disease can leave you with receding gums once treated. This can lead to further bone loss, abrasions of root surfaces, or unaesthetic smiles. Connective tissue grafting can correct these defects and create a more healthy and esthetic smile.

What Is Gum Disease?

Many people would be surprised to know that they can have perfectly healthy teeth and still lose them due to periodontal disease. Periodontal disease refers to infections of the structures around the teeth, such as the gums, periodontal ligament (PDL), and alveolar bone. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. In fact, a majority of adults are currently walking around with some form of periodontal disease but don’t know it. This is dangerous because, over time, severe periodontal disease can destroy the structures that hold teeth in place. See a dentist for general dentistry to make sure your teeth and gums are disease-free.

How Gum Disease Forms

The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, an infection caused when the gums become inflamed by plaque. Plaque is a film of bacteria that sticks to the surface of the teeth and feeds on bits of food, especially sugar. Plaque is one of the many reasons it is important to see our dentists in Gainesville, FL, for twice annual teeth cleanings.

Periodontal Disease Treatment In Gainesville, FL

If you have red, swollen, and tender gums that bleed easily, you may have gingivitis — a gum infection and early sign of periodontal disease. Early symptoms are treatable with professional teeth cleanings and a rigorous at-home oral care routine.

Inflamed gums that go untreated, on the other hand, may start to bleed when you brush or floss. Gingivitis also makes gums tender and sensitive. By this point, if there is still no periodontal treatment, the inflammation could spread to the ligaments and bones, the architecture that supports the teeth themselves. This condition is called periodontitis.

What Is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis has three stages. In the first stage, plaque around the teeth hardens and begins to infiltrate below the gum line. In response, the gums recede from the teeth, forming pockets. In the second stage, the gums to become inflamed and bleed easily. The bacteria then give off toxins that erode the tissue and the bone surrounding the tooth.

4 Signs Of Periodontal Disease

1. Receding Gums

This leads to gaps between the gum line and teeth, where harmful bacteria build up and endanger the bone structure and supporting ligaments.

2. Swollen, Tender Gums

A painful condition where the gums become sensitive, easily irritated, and prone to bleeding as a result of brushing or flossing.

3. Bleeding Gums

The main reason that gums bleed is plaque buildup along the gum line. If your gums are consistently bleeding, you should visit the dentist.

4. Persistent Bad Breath

Medically referred to as halitosis, bad breath is caused by the unpleasant odor from bacteria in the mouth.