Periodontics in Gainesville, FL
Many people would be surprised to know that they can have perfectly healthy teeth and still lose them due to periodontal disease, or gum disease. Periodontal disease is actually the leading cause of tooth loss in the adult population, and the majority of adults are unknowingly walking around with some form of periodontal disease. This is because over time, severe gum disease destroys the structures that hold the tooth in place.
How Gum Disease Forms
The first stage of gum disease is called gingivitis and is caused when the gums become inflamed by plaque that is not removed. Plaque is a film of bacteria that sticks to the surfaces of the teeth and is fed by bits of food and especially by sugars. Plaque is one of the many reasons it's important to see an emergency dentist in Gainesville, FL twice a year for cleanings, for after a time it can be difficult for a layperson to remove it.
If you have gingivitis, you may have red, swollen and tender gums that bleed easily. These initial symptoms can be treated by in-office cleanings paired with a more rigorous at-home routine.
If the inflamed gums are not treated, they can start to bleed. This is the point where people start to see traces of blood when they brush or floss their teeth. The gums may also become tender and sensitive. If there is still no periodontal treatment, the inflammation can spread to the architecture that supports the teeth themselves. This condition is called periodontitis.
What Is Periodontitis?
This condition has three stages. In the early stages, the plaque around the tooth hardens and begins to infiltrate below the gum line. In response, the gums pull away from the tooth to form pockets. In the second phase, the gums are inflamed and bleed easily. Bacteria starts to accumulate in the pockets. These bacteria give off toxins that start to erode the tissue and the bone around the tooth.
Signs of Periodontal Disease
5. Loose Tooth
A loose permanent tooth is a sign of disease that could lead to you losing the tooth.
1. Receding Gums
Can lead to gaps between your gum line and teeth. The gap allows for harmful bacteria to build up, which causes severe damage to the bone structure and supporting tissue.
2. Swollen, Tender Gums
A painful condition in which gums are sensitive, irritated, or bleed easily.
3. Bleeding Gums
The main reason gums bleed is the buildup of plaque along the gum line. If your gums are consistently bleeding you should not ignore it.
4. Persistent Bad Breath
Medically referred to as halitosis. The odor comes from a build-up of bacteria in the mouth.